Q: A discussion about Ud-hiyah took place. Some people were of the view that it is illegal to write in a persons will to slaughter an Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), because the Prophet (peace be upon him), his Sahabah (Companions, may Allah be pleased with them) and the Rightly-Guided Caliphs did not do it. Some people were also of the view that it is better to give the price of the Ud-hiyah as a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) rather than slaughtering it. Please advise concerning this.
A: Ud-hiyah is a stressed Sunnah according to most of the scholars, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) did it and urged his Ummah (nation) to do it. The original rule is that it is required on its prescribed time from a living person for himself and his household.
As for slaughtering Ud-hiyah in behalf of the dead, if they had written that in a will or made it in a Waqf (endowment), it should be carried out. If not, and their relatives want to sacrifice on their behalf, there is no harm in this, and it is considered a form of Sadaqah on behalf of the dead, which is legal according to the opinion of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream).
As for giving the price of the Ud-hiyah as a Sadaqah instead of slaughtering it, if the Ud-hiyah is stated in the will or the Waqf, it is impermissible to give its price as a Sadaqah instead. If it is voluntary, there is no harm in this. As for Ud-hiyah on behalf of a living Muslim and his household, it is a stressed Sunnah for those who can afford it. It is better to slaughter it than give its price in charity, out of following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him).
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• [Fataawaa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah, Vol 11, Page no.419, Fatwaa no.1765]
Jayeoba Kafayat Modupeoluwa, mostly known as Ummu Abdillah is a Technologist in Electronics and Telecommunication engineering but presently only active as an Islamic writer – so do not bother to ask her about diodes and electromagnetic waves 🤗. Happily married and recently gifted a princess.
She is a lover of teenagers and marriage and does make it her occupation to study them.
Also, she’s a knowledge seeker who loves to learn new things every second and teaches them as well to whoever cares to learn.